Sustainable Tourism: A Global Perspective

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Responsible Tourism is an aspiration that can be realized in different ways in different originating markets and in the diverse destinations of the world Goodwin, The European Travel Commission in and a multilateral initiative to instate environmentally sound tourism and development was advanced. Given the dramatic increase in tourism, the report strongly promotes responsible tourism.

Focusing in particular on businesses, according to the Cape Town Declaration on Responsible Tourism, it will have the following characteristics: [53]. While widely acclaimed, responsible tourism has also been critiqued. Studies have shown that the degree to which individuals engage in responsible tourism is contingent upon their engagement socially. Meaning, tourist behaviors will fluctuate depending on the range of social engagement that each tourist chooses take part in. Humane tourism is part of the movement of responsible tourism.

The idea is to empower local communities through travel related businesses around the world, first and foremost in developing countries. The idea of humane travel or humane tourism is to connect travelers from Europe , North America , Australia and New Zealand seeking new adventures and authentic experiences directly, to local businesses in the specific locations they wish to visit — thus, giving economic advantages to local businesses and giving travelers authentic and truly unique travel experiences.

Humane travel or humane tourism focuses on the people, the local community. The idea is to enable travelers to experience the world through the eyes of its local people while contributing directly to those people, ensuring that tourist dollars benefit the local community directly. Humane tourism is about giving opportunity to the local people, empower them, enable them to enjoy the fruits of tourism directly.

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The Internet is changing tourism. More and more travelers are planning their travels and vacations via the net. The Internet enables people to cut off commissions. The traveler can search for new destinations to visit, talk or read about other people experience, and buy the services directly. The Internet platform can encourage local people to start new businesses and that already existing small businesses will begin to promote themselves through the net and receive the economic advantages of this directly in their communities. The world is now in a new tourism age, with globalization and the Internet playing a key role.

The new travelers have traveled the world, they have seen the classic sites. Staying at a Western hotel is not attractive enough, and they are excited by the prospect of experiencing the authentic local way of life: to go fishing with a local fisherman, to eat the fish with his family, to sleep in a typical village house.

These tourists or travelers, are happy to know that while doing so they promote the economic well-being of those same people they spend time with. Humane tourism is part of Responsible tourism. Humane travel focuses on that host local population. The South African national tourism policy [59] used the term "responsible tourism" and mentioned the well-being of the local community as a main factor.

From the Rio summit or earth summit on [62] until the UN Commission on Sustainable Development in , [63] the main focus of the tourism industry was the earth, the planet, the places, "green" or "eco" tourism. Now there is a trend to include the local population. This trend or branch of responsible tourism is called humane tourism or humane travel. As with the view of responsible tourism, responsible hospitality is essentially about creating better places for people to live in, and better places for people to visit.

This does not mean all forms of hospitality are also forms of tourism although hospitality is the largest sector of the tourism industry. As such we should not be surprised at overlaps between responsible hospitality and responsible tourism. In the instance where place of permanent residence is also the place where the hospitality service is consumed, if for example a meal is consumed in a local restaurant, this does not obviate the requirement to improve the place of residence.

As such, the essence of Responsible Hospitality is not contingent upon touristic forms of hospitality. However, often acts of corporate social responsibility are undertaken because of the perceived benefit to business. Usually in hospitality this relates to the cost reductions associated with improved energy efficiency [66] but may also relate to, for example, the rise in ethical consumerism and the view that being seen to be a responsible business is beneficial to revenue growth. As per the Cape Town Declaration on Responsible Tourism, responsible hospitality is culturally sensitive.

Instead of then calling for the unachievable, responsible hospitality simply makes the case for more responsible forms of hospitality, hospitality that benefits locals first, and visitors second. Certainly, all forms of hospitality can be improved and managed so that negative impacts are minimized whilst striving for a maximization of positive impacts on the environment. The student will be given an option to choose vegetarian cooking.

The results are used to prepare students in Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics , specialties: tourism, hotel and restaurant business, tourism management, management of hotel and restaurant business, international tourism business and international hotel business. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series about Environmental economics Concepts Eco commerce Environmental enterprise Environmental finance Fiscal environmentalism Green accounting Green economy Green job Green trading Renewable energy Policies Ecotax Environmental pricing reform Environmental tariff Green New Deal Net metering Pigovian tax Sustainable tourism Dynamics Green paradox Green politics Marginal abatement cost Pollution haven hypothesis Renewable energy commercialization Carbon related watt society Carbon credit Carbon diet Carbon emission trading Carbon finance Carbon footprint Carbon offset Carbon-neutral fuel Carbon neutrality Carbon pricing Carbon tax Emissions trading Feed-in tariff Food miles Low-carbon economy Personal carbon trading v t e.

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Sustainable Tourism: A Global Perspective

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Implementing STD on a small island: Development and use of sustainable tourism development indicators in Samoa. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10 5 , — From theory to practice: indicators of sustainable development. What tourism managers need to know. Weaver, D. Wither Sustainable Tourism? Reflections on sustainable tourism and paradigm change. Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Yin, R. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Zolfani S. Language Select Language English Italiano.